What are the precise meanings of the Greek words hyperēphanos and hyperphroneō?

By: | Post date: 2016-08-16 | Comments: No Comments
Posted in categories: Ancient Greek, Linguistics

Well, I’ve gone to LSJ. The definitions I find there are:

ὑπερφρονέω

  1. Group I
    1. to be over-proud, have high thoughts (Aeschylus)
      1. to be proud in or of something (Herodotus)
    2. overlook, look down upon, despise (Aeschylus)
      1. (passive) to be despised (Thucydides)
    3. think slightly of (Eurypides)
  2. Group II
    1. surpass in knowledge (Aeschines); excel in wisdom (Hippocrates)

ὑπερήφανος

  1. overweening, arrogant (Hesiod)
    1. bear oneself proudly; living sumptuously, prodigally or insolently, brutally
  2. magnificent, splendid (Plato)
    1. sublime (Damascius)

As you can see, hyperphroneō “above-think” can mean both “be more knowledgeable than” or “think that you’re above”; but from those definitions, that seems to have been about generic pride, rather than overestimating one’s abilities.

Leave a Reply

  • Subscribe to Blog via Email

    Join 316 other subscribers

  • April 2020
    M T W T F S S
    « Mar    
     12345
    6789101112
    13141516171819
    20212223242526
    27282930  
%d bloggers like this: