In Greek, what does the suffix -or mean?

By: | Post date: 2016-10-12 | Comments: 5 Comments
Posted in categories: Ancient Greek, Linguistics

tōr is an agent suffix:

Herbert Weir Smyth, A Greek Grammar for Colleges (misscanned)

a. The primary suffixes τᾱ, τηρ, τορ, τρο, ευ, denoting the agent or doer of an action, are masculine.

3. τορ (nom. -τωρ): ῥή-τωρ orator (ἐρέω shall say, ἐρ-, ῥε-), εἴ-ρη-κα have spoken, κτίσ-τωρ founder (κτίζω found, κτιδ-), σημάντωρ commander poet. (σημαίνω give a signal, σημαν-).

-τωρ and its Latin cognate -tor (e.g. gladita-tor, domina-tor, can-tor), is an Indo-European suffix.

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