What does the “S” above the ICXC mean?

By: | Post date: 2017-01-31 | Comments: No Comments
Posted in categories: Mediaeval Greek, Writing Systems

It’s not an S, per se; you’ll usually see it as just a bar, or a semicircle. Zeibura S. Kathau unearthed an instance that looked like a capital omega. It’s an abbreviation marker: Ι͞Ϲ Χ͞Ϲ is an abbreviation of IHϹΟΥΣ ΧΡΙϹΤΟϹ. The convention is particularly prevalent for Nomina sacra, divine names and titles.

Here’s Wikipedia’s illustration from the Codex Vaticanus of the Bible (4th century), with Ι͞Υ (IHϹΟΥ = of Jesus) and Θ͞Υ (ΘΕΟΥ = of God):

Leave a Reply

  • Subscribe to Blog via Email

    Join 317 other subscribers

  • February 2020
    M T W T F S S
    « Aug    
     12
    3456789
    10111213141516
    17181920212223
    242526272829  
%d bloggers like this: